A Brief Critical Introduction to the Ontological Argument and its Formalization: Anselm, Gaunilo, Descartes, Leibniz and Kant

Journal of Applied Logics 5 (7):1441-1474 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it aims at introducing the ontological argument through the analysis of five historical developments: Anselm’s argument found in the second chapter of his Proslogion, Gaunilo’s criticism of it, Descartes’ version of the ontological argument found in his Meditations on First Philosophy, Leibniz’s contribution to the debate on the ontological argument and his demonstration of the possibility of God, and Kant’s famous criticisms against the (cartesian) ontological argument. Second, it intends to critically examine the enterprise of formally analyzing philosophical arguments and, as such, contribute in a small degree to the debate on the role of formalization in philosophy. My focus will be mainly on the drawbacks and limitations of such enterprise; as a guideline, I shall refer to a Carnapian, or Carnapian-like theory of argument analysis.

Links

PhilArchive

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The ontological argument.Brian Leftow - 2005 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press.
The ontological argument.Graham Oppy - 2008 - In Paul Copan & Chad V. Meister (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues. Oxford UK: Blackwell.
Response to Gettings.G. Oppy - 2000 - Analysis 60 (4):363-367.
Ontological Argument in Leibniz's Philosophy.Ali Tahiri - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 39.
The Ontological Argument of St. Anselm.S. A. Grave - 1952 - Philosophy 27 (100):30-38.
Ontological arguments.Graham Oppy - 2014 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Anselm and the ontological argument.Graham Oppy - 2011 - In Jeff Jordan (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: The Key Thinkers. London: Continuum. pp. 22-43.
Godelian ontological arguments.G. Oppy - 1996 - Analysis 56 (4):226-230.
The Ontological Argument.Stephen Makin - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):83 - 91.

Analytics

Added to PP
2019-10-10

Downloads
867 (#9,098)

6 months
43 (#31,176)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Ricardo Silvestre
Federal University of Campina Grande

Citations of this work

Formal Approaches to the Ontological Argument.Ricardo Silvestre & Jean-Yves Beziau - 2018 - Journal of Applied Logics 5 (7):1433-1440.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references