Justified Group Belief Is Evidentially Responsible Group Belief

Episteme:1-20 (forthcoming)
Paul Silva Jr.
University of Cologne
What conditions must be satisfied if a group is to count as having a justified belief? Jennifer Lackey (2016 Phil Review) has recently argued that any adequate account of group justification must be sensitive (in certain ways) to both the evidence actually possessed by enough of a group’s operative members as well as the evidence those members should have possessed. I first draw attention to a range of objections to Lackey’s specific view of group justification and a range of concrete case intuitions any plausible view of group justification must explain. I then offer an alternative view of group justification where the basic idea is that group justification is a matter of groups responsibly responding to their total evidence. This view both avoids the problems facing Lackey’s account and also explains the relevant concrete case intuitions.
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DOI 10.1017/epi.2018.5
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