The paradoxes of chemical classification: Why `water is h2o' is not an identity statement [Book Review]

Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):49-56 (2004)
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Abstract

A puzzle for identity statements using massnouns, central to the expression of chemicaltypes, arises if one accepts that both `Wateris H2O' and `Ice is H2O' are identitystatements, since they jointly entail that`Water is ice'. The puzzle is resolved if itcan be shown that the `is' of such statementsis not the `is' of identity.

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Chemical supervenience.Micah Newman - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (1):49-62.

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