Review of Metaphysics 73 (2):335-353 (2019)

Authors
Matias Kimi Slavov
Tampere University
Abstract
According to a widespread view, Einstein’s definition of time in his special relativity is founded on the positivist verification principle. The present paper challenges this received outlook. It shall be argued that Einstein’s position on the concept of time, to wit, simultaneity, is best understood as a mitigated version of concept empiricism. He contrasts his position to Newton’s absolutist and Kant’s transcendental arguments, and in part sides with Hume’s and Mach’s empiricist arguments. Nevertheless, Einstein worked out a concept empiricism that is considerably more moderate than what we find in the preceding empiricist tradition and early logical positivism. He did not think that the origin of concepts is in observations, but in conventions, and he also maintained a realist ontology of physical events, which he thought is necessary for his theory. Consequently, his philosophy of time in special relativity is not couched in terms of an anti-metaphysical verificationism.
Keywords special relativity  relativity of simultaneity  epistemology of concepts  metaphysics  history of physics  Newton  Kant  Hume  Mach  empiricism
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References found in this work BETA

Autobiographical Notes.Max Black, Albert Einstein & Paul Arthur Schilpp - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):157.
Positivism and Realism.M. Schlick - 1948 - Synthese 7 (1):478 - 505.
Time, Reality, and Relativity.Lawrence Sklar - 1981 - In R. Healey (ed.), Reduction, Time, and Relativity. Cambridge University Press.
Time.Bradley Dowden - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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Citations of this work BETA

Eternalism and Perspectival Realism About the ‘Now’.Matias Slavov - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (11):1398-1410.

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