Subjective experience and the attentional lapse: Task engagement and disengagement during sustained attention
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):657-90 (2004)
Three experiments investigated the relationship between subjective experience and attentional lapses during sustained attention. These experiments employed two measures of subjective experience to examine how differences in awareness correspond to variations in both task performance and psycho-physiological measures . This series of experiments examine these phenomena during the Sustained Attention to Response Task . The results suggest we can dissociate between two components of subjective experience during sustained attention: task unrelated thought which corresponds to an absent minded disengagement from the task and a pre-occupation with one's task performance that seems to be best conceptualised as a strategic attempt to deploy attentional resources in response to a perception of environmental demands which exceed ones ability to perform the task. The implications of these findings for our understanding of how awareness is maintained on task relevant material during periods of sustained attention are discussed
|Keywords||*Awareness *Experiences (Events) *Sustained Attention Task Complexity Time On Task|
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Citations of this work BETA
Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler (2011). Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
Jonathan Smallwood & Rory C. O'Connor (2011). Imprisoned by the Past: Unhappy Moods Lead to a Retrospective Bias to Mind Wandering. Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1481-1490.
Jonathan Smallwood, Rory C. O'Connor, Megan V. Sudbery & Marc Obonsawin (2007). Mind-Wandering and Dysphoria. Cognition and Emotion 21 (4):816-842.
James A. Cheyne, Jonathan S. A. Carriere & Daniel Smilek (2006). Absent-Mindedness: Lapses of Conscious Awareness and Everyday Cognitive Failures. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):578-592.
Giulia L. Poerio, Peter Totterdell & Eleanor Miles (2013). Mind-Wandering and Negative Mood: Does One Thing Really Lead to Another? Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1412-1421.
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