Between Probability and Certainty: What Justifies Belief

Oxford University Press UK (2016)
Authors
Martin Smith
University of Edinburgh
Abstract
This book explores a question central to philosophy--namely, what does it take for a belief to be justified or rational? According to a widespread view, whether one has justification for believing a proposition is determined by how probable that proposition is, given one's evidence. In this book this view is rejected and replaced with another: in order for one to have justification for believing a proposition, one's evidence must normically support it--roughly, one's evidence must make the falsity of that proposition abnormal in the sense of calling for special, independent explanation. This conception of justification bears upon a range of topics in epistemology and beyond. Ultimately, this way of looking at justification guides us to a new, unfamiliar picture of how we should respond to our evidence and manage our own fallibility. This picture is developed here.
Keywords justification  probability  normic support
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ISBN(s) 9780198755333  
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References found in this work BETA

What Else Justification Could Be.Martin Smith - 2010 - Noûs 44 (1):10 - 31.
Some Thoughts on the JK-Rule1.Martin Smith - 2012 - Noûs 46 (4):791-802.

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Citations of this work BETA

How to Be an Infallibilist.Julien Dutant - 2016 - Philosophical Issues 26 (1):148-171.
Taking a Chance on KK.Jeremy Goodman & Bernhard Salow - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):183-196.

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