Synthese 194 (7):2367-2385 (2017)

Authors
Jeroen Smid
Lund University
Abstract
The mereological predicate ‘is part of’ can be used to define the predicate ‘is identical with’. I argue that this entails that mereological theories can be ideologically simpler than nihilistic theories that do not use the notion of parthood—contrary to what has been argued by Ted Sider. Moreover, if one accepts an extensional mereology, there are good philosophical reasons apart from ideological simplicity to give a mereological definition of identity
Keywords Parthood  Identity  Mereology  Nihilism  Ideological simplicity  Theory-choice
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-016-1056-6
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References found in this work BETA

Writing the Book of the World.Theodore Sider - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
A World of States of Affairs.D. M. Armstrong - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
Mereology.Achille C. Varzi - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Against Parthood.Theodore Sider - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 8:237–293.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality.Hartry Field - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (1):57-107.

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Citations of this work BETA

Do Identity and Distinctness Facts Threaten the PSR?Erica Shumener - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-19.

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