Inaugurating a new area of comparative cognition research

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):358-369 (2003)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

There was a strong consensus in the commentaries that animals' performances in metacognition paradigms indicate high-level decisional processes that cannot be explained associatively. Our response summarizes this consensus and the support for the idea that these performances demonstrate animal metacognition. We amplify the idea that there is an adaptive advantage favoring animals who can – in an immediate moment of difficulty or uncertainty – construct a decisional assemblage that lets them find an appropriate behavioral solution. A working consciousness would serve this function well. This explains why animals may have the functional equivalent of human declarative consciousness. However, like other commentators who were friendly to this equivalence, we approach carefully the stronger claims that animals' metacognitive performances imply full-blown self-awareness or phenomenal consciousness. We discuss the commentators' interesting ideas for future research, as well as their intriguing ideas about the evolution and development of metacognition and its relation to theory of mind. We also discuss residual confusions about existing research and remaining methodological issues.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,678

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Animal Consciousness.Colin Allen & Michael Trestman - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. New York: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 63–76.
Awareness and metacognition.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Jodie A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):324-326.
The emergence of metacognition: affect and uncertainty in animals.Peter Carruthers & J. Brendan Ritchie - 2012 - In Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner & Joëlle Proust (eds.), The foundations of metacognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 76.
Drawing the line on metacognition.Janet Metcalfe - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):350-351.
Animal metacognition? It's all in the methods.Sara J. Shettleworth & Jennifer E. Sutton - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):353-354.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
27 (#591,613)

6 months
10 (#396,159)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references