Inaugurating a new area of comparative cognition research

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):358-369 (2003)
Authors
John Smith
University of Arizona
Abstract
There was a strong consensus in the commentaries that animals' performances in metacognition paradigms indicate high-level decisional processes that cannot be explained associatively. Our response summarizes this consensus and the support for the idea that these performances demonstrate animal metacognition. We amplify the idea that there is an adaptive advantage favoring animals who can – in an immediate moment of difficulty or uncertainty – construct a decisional assemblage that lets them find an appropriate behavioral solution. A working consciousness would serve this function well. This explains why animals may have the functional equivalent of human declarative consciousness. However, like other commentators who were friendly to this equivalence, we approach carefully the stronger claims that animals' metacognitive performances imply full-blown self-awareness or phenomenal consciousness. We discuss the commentators' interesting ideas for future research, as well as their intriguing ideas about the evolution and development of metacognition and its relation to theory of mind. We also discuss residual confusions about existing research and remaining methodological issues.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0140525X03430082
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 34,959
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Do Dolphins Know Their Own Minds?Derek Browne - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):633-53.
Awareness and Metacognition.Diego Fernandez-Duque, J. A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):324-326.
Drawing the Line on Metacognition.Janet Metcalfe - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):350-351.
On Linking Comparative Metacognition and Theory of Mind.Josep Call - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):341-342.
The Evolution of Consciousness.E. M. Macphail - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
Metacognition and Consciousness.Asher Koriat - 2007 - In P D Zelazo, M Moscovitch & E Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
10 ( #511,243 of 2,273,667 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #375,363 of 2,273,667 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature