Political legitimacy and research ethics

Bioethics 33 (3):312-318 (2018)
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Abstract

In democratic theory, “legitimacy” refers to the set of conditions that must be in place in order for the claims to authority of somebody to be deemed appropriate, and for their claims to compliance to be warranted. Though criteria of legitimacy have been elaborated in the context of democratic states, there is no reason for them not to be drawn up, with appropriate amendments, for other kinds of authority structures. This paper examines the claims to authority made over researchers by international bodies governing research ethics, who exercise their authority by the research ethics guidelines they produce (including recent revisions to the Declaration of Helsinki and CIOMS Guidelines). We argue that discussions of such bodies and sets of guidelines often elide questions of justification and questions of legitimacy, and that the grounds that might allow us to mount a strong case for the latter are at present sorely underdeveloped.

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Maxwell Smith
University of Western Ontario

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References found in this work

After helsinki: Unresolved issues in international research.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):17-36.
The real world of (global) democracy.Daniel M. Weinstock - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (1):6–20.

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