In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. IOS Press. pp. 19-28 (1998)

Authors
Barry Smith
State University of New York, Buffalo
Abstract
The term ‘formal ontology’ was first used by the philosopher Edmund Husserl in his Logical Investigations to signify the study of those formal structures and relations – above all relations of part and whole – which are exemplified in the subject-matters of the different material sciences. We follow Husserl in presenting the basic concepts of formal ontology as falling into three groups: the theory of part and whole, the theory of dependence, and the theory of boundary, continuity and contact. These basic concepts are presented in relation to the problem of providing an account of the formal ontology of the mesoscopic realm of everyday experience, and specifically of providing an account of the concept of individual substance.
Keywords mereotoplogy  dependence relations  common-sense reality
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References found in this work BETA

On Drawing Lines on a Map.Barry Smith - 1995 - In A. U. Frank, W. Kuhn & D. M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory: Proceedings of COSIT '95. New York: Springer. pp. 475-484.
Mereotopology: A Theory of Parts and Boundaries.Barry Smith - 1996 - Data and Knowledge Engineering 20 (3):287–303.

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Citations of this work BETA

Worlds, Models and Descriptions.John F. Sowa - 2006 - Studia Logica 84 (2):323-360.

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