Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):28-42 (2006)

Authors
Miriam Solomon
Temple University
Abstract
Trust in the practice of rational deliberation is widespread and largely unquestioned. This paper uses recent work from business contexts to challenge the view that rational deliberation in a group improves decisions. Pressure to reach consensus can, in fact, lead to phenomena such as groupthink and to suppression of relevant data. Aggregation of individual decisions, rather than deliberation to a consensus, surprisingly, can produce better decisions than those of either group deliberation or individual expert judgment. I argue that dissent is epistemically valuable, not because of the discussion it can provoke (Mill’s and Longino’s view about the benefit of dissent), but because dissenting positions often are associated with particular data or insights that would be lost in consensus formation. Social epistemologists can usefully pay attention to various methods of aggregation of individual opinion for their effectiveness at realizing epistemic goals
Keywords Analytic Philosophy  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2006
ISBN(s) 0038-4283
DOI 10.1111/j.2041-6962.2006.tb00028.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 50,268
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Value of Cognitive Diversity in Science.Samuli Pöyhönen - 2017 - Synthese 194 (11):4519-4540.
Collaboration, Interdisciplinarity, and the Epistemology of Contemporary Science.Hanne Andersen - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:1-10.
Epistemic Virtues in Business.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):583-595.

View all 28 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-09-14

Total views
144 ( #60,413 of 2,325,387 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #134,802 of 2,325,387 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes