Scientific rationality and human reasoning

Philosophy of Science 59 (3):439-455 (1992)
Abstract
The work of Tversky, Kahneman and others suggests that people often make use of cognitive heuristics such as availability, salience and representativeness in their reasoning and decision making. Through use of a historical example--the recent plate tectonics revolution in geology--I argue that such heuristics play a crucial role in scientific decision making also. I suggest how these heuristics are to be considered, along with noncognitive factors (such as motivation and social structures) when drawing historical and epistemological conclusions. The normative perspective is community-wide, contextual, and instrumental
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1086/289680
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,756
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
The Psychology of Scientific Explanation.J. D. Trout - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):564–591.
Gender and Trust in Science.Kristina Rolin - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (4):95-118.
Mandevillian Intelligence: From Individual Vice to Collective Virtue.Paul Smart - forthcoming - In Joseph Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, Spyridon Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Socially-Extended Epistemology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Heuristics and Development: Getting Even Smarter.Gregg E. A. Solomon - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):763-764.
Use of Heuristics: Insights From Forecasting Research.Nigel Harvey - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):5 – 24.
Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
Multivariate Models of Scientific Change.Miriam Solomon - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:287 - 297.
The “Rationality Wars” in Psychology: Where They Are and Where They Could Go.Thomas Sturm - 2012 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (1):66-81.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

57 ( #93,132 of 2,177,875 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

8 ( #35,679 of 2,177,875 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums