Relating inter-individual differences in metacognitive performance on different perceptual tasks

Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1787 (2011)

Abstract
Human behavior depends on the ability to effectively introspect about our performance. For simple perceptual decisions, this introspective or metacognitive ability varies substantially across individuals and is correlated with the structure of focal areas in prefrontal cortex. This raises the possibility that the ability to introspect about different perceptual decisions might be mediated by a common cognitive process. To test this hypothesis, we examined whether inter-individual differences in metacognitive ability were correlated across two different perceptual tasks where individuals made judgments about different and unrelated visual stimulus properties. We found that inter-individual differences were strongly correlated between the two tasks for metacognitive ability but not objective performance. Such stability of an individual’s metacognitive ability across different perceptual tasks indicates a general mechanism supporting metacognition independent of the specific task
Keywords Humans   Photic Stimulation   Individuality   Cognition   Discrimination (Psychology)   Visual Perception   Judgment   Task Performance and Analysis   Adult   Female   Male   Young Adult  info:mesh/Young Adult  info:mesh/Individuality  info:mesh/Cognition  info:mesh/Discrimination (Psychology)  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Adult  info:mesh/Task Performance and Analysis  info:mesh/Photic Stimulation  info:mesh/Male  info:mesh/Female  info:mesh/Visual Perception  info:mesh/Judgment
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2010.12.011
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References found in this work BETA

A Framework for Consciousness.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 2003 - Nature Neuroscience 6:119-26.
Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
Introspection and Subliminal Perception.Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.

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Introspection During Visual Search.Gabriel Reyes & Jérôme Sackur - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:212-229.

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