A para-reflection is a privational phenomenon that is often mistaken for a reflection. You have seen them as the ‘reflection’ of your pupil in the mirror. Your iris reflects light in the standard way but your pupil absorbs all but a negligible amount of light (as do other dark things such as coal and black velvet). Para-reflections work by contrast. Since they are parasitic on their host reflections, para-reflections are relational and dependent in a way that reflections are not. Nevertheless, para-reflections obey nearly all the laws of reflection with exquisite fidelity. Para-refractions display parallel obedience to the laws governing refraction. Physicists and psychologists who study optics have neglected these everyday phenomena. Happily, physicists have been attentive and insightful about other privational phenomena such as vacuums and cold spots. I conclude that this kind of subtle treatment of negative things needs to be extended to optics. 1 The invisible red herring 2 Mind-independent privations 3 Para-reflections are mind-independent 4 Parasitical entities 5 Para-refractions and shadows 6 How science has coped with privations.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/bjps/54.1.93
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 24,433
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Jorge Ayala Martínez (2006). Persona Humana y Autorrealización. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 4:7-12.
Babette E. Babich (2007). "The Problem of Science" in Nietzsche and Heidegger. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 63 (1/3):205 - 237.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

23 ( #205,684 of 1,924,986 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

12 ( #67,346 of 1,924,986 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.