Advantages of artificial intelligences, uploads, and digital minds

I survey four categories of factors that might give a digital mind, such as an upload or an artificial general intelligence, an advantage over humans. Hardware advantages include greater serial speeds and greater parallel speeds. Self-improvement advantages include improvement of algorithms, design of new mental modules, and modification of motivational system. Co-operative advantages include copyability, perfect co-operation, improved communication, and transfer of skills. Human handicaps include computational limitations and faulty heuristics, human-centric biases, and socially motivated cognition. The shape of hardware growth curves, as well as the ease of modifying minds, are found to have a major impact on how quickly a digital mind may take advantage of these factors.
Keywords artificial general intelligence  artificial intelligence  hard takeoff  mind uploading  technological singularity  whole brain emulation
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DOI 10.1142/S1793843012400161
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Modularity in Cognition: Framing the Debate.H. Clark Barrett & Robert Kurzban - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):628-647.
Individual Differences in Rational Thought.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (2):161-188.

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