Why do we take drugs? From the drug-reinforcement theory to a novel concept of drug instrumentalization

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):322 (2011)
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Abstract

The drug-reinforcement theory explains why humans get engaged in drug taking behavior. This theory posits that drugs of abuse serve as biological rewards by activating the reinforcement system. Although from a psychological and neurobiological perspective this theory is extremely helpful, it does not tell us about the drug-taking motives and motivation of an individual. The definition of drug instrumentalization goals will improve our understanding of individual drug-taking profiles

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