Journal of Animal Ethics 10 (2):177-191 (2020)

Authors
Jonathan Spelman
Ohio Northern University
Abstract
In “Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases,” Alastair Norcross (2004) uses a thought experiment he calls “Fred's Basement” to argue that consuming factory-farmed meat is morally equivalent to torturing and killing puppies in order to enjoy the taste of chocolate. Thus, he concludes that consuming factory-farmed meat is morally wrong. Although Norcross leaves open the possibility that consuming humanely raised meat is morally permissible, I contend that his basic argumentative approach rules it out. In this article, therefore, I extend Norcross's thought experiment in hopes of convincing readers that consuming humanely raised meat is morally wrong.
Keywords consumer ethics  environmental ethics  factory-farmed meat  food ethics  humanely raised meat  utilitarianism  virtue ethics
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DOI 10.5406/janimalethics.10.2.0177
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