Species and identity

Philosophy of Science 55 (3):323-348 (1988)

Authors
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to test the contemporary concept of biological species against some of the problems caused by treating species as spatiotemporally extended entities governed by criteria of persistence, identity, etc. After outlining the general problem of symmetric division in natural objects, I set out some useful distinctions (section 1) and confirm that species are not natural kinds (section 2). Section 3 takes up the separate issue of species definition, focusing on the Biological Species Concept (BSC). Sections 4 and 5 examine the matter of species identity over space and time respectively, as determined by the BSC. Both gradualistic and punctuated equilibrium models of speciation are discussed. In section 6 I argue that the BSC fails to determine adequate criteria for dealing with certain kinds of speciation. Section 7 moves speculatively beyond the BSC to a brief examination of alternatives.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1086/289440
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 40,183
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Laws and Natural History in Biology.Wim J. van der Steen & Harmke Kamminga - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.
Natural Selection and the Traits of Individual Organisms.Joel Pust - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):765-779.
Monophyly, Paraphyly, and Natural Kinds.Olivier Rieppel - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (2-3):465-487.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What?Michael Ruse - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.
Species.Philip Kitcher - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (2):308-333.
Species Pluralism Does Not Imply Species Eliminativism.Ingo Brigandt - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1305–1316.
Crossing Species Boundaries.Jason Scott Robert & Françoise Baylis - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):1 – 13.
Biological Species as Natural Kinds.David B. Kitts & David J. Kitts - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (4):613-622.
Are Biological Species Real?Hugh Lehman - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):157-167.
An Ontogenetic-Ecological Conception of Species: A New Approach to an Old Idea.Catherine Kendig - 2010 - EPSA09: 2nd Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Online at PhilSci Archive.
Species Concepts Should Not Conflict with Evolutionary History, but Often Do.Joel D. Velasco - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):407-414.
The Cladistic Solution to the Species Problem.Mark Ridley - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):1-16.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
255 ( #22,181 of 2,237,433 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #246,398 of 2,237,433 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature