The paper attempts to rationalize cooperation in the one-shot prisoners' dilemma (PD). It starts by introducing (and preliminarily investigating) a new kind of equilibrium (differing from Aumann's correlated equilibria) according to which the players' actions may be correlated (sect. 2). In PD the Pareto-optimal among these equilibria is joint cooperation. Since these equilibria seem to contradict causal preconceptions, the paper continues with a standard analysis of the causal structure of decision situations (sect. 3). The analysis then raises to a reflexive point of view according to which the agent integrates his own present and future decision situations into the causal picture of his situation (sect. 4). This reflexive structure is first applied to the toxin puzzle and then to Newcomb's problem, showing a way to rationalize drinking the toxin and taking only one box with-out assuming causal mystery (sect. 5). The latter result is finally extended to a rationalization of cooperation in PD (sect. 6).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Reversing 30 Years of Discussion: Why Causal Decision Theorists Should One-Box.Wolfgang Spohn - 2012 - Synthese 187 (1):95-122.
Similar books and articles
Decision Theory in Light of Newcomb's Problem.Paul Horwich - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):431-450.
Symptomatic Acts and the Value of Evidence in Causal Decision Theory.Patrick Maher - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (3):479-498.
On an Alleged Counter-Example to Causal Decision Theory.John Cantwell - 2010 - Synthese 173 (2):127-152.
Decisions, Games and Equilibrium Solutions.William Harper - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:344 - 362.
Strategic Behavior Under Partial Cooperation.Subhadip Chakrabarti, Robert P. Gilles & Emiliya A. Lazarova - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):175-193.
Newcomb's Problem and Repeated Prisoners' Dilemmas.Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1160-1173.
Added to index2010-07-24
Total downloads20 ( #247,284 of 2,169,105 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #345,851 of 2,169,105 )
How can I increase my downloads?