Pre-Darwinian taxonomy and essentialism – a reply to Mary Winsor

Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):79-96 (2005)
Abstract
Mary Winsor (2003) argues against the received view that pre-Darwinian taxonomy was characterized mainly by essentialism. She argues, instead, that the methods of pre-Darwinian taxonomists, in spite of whatever their beliefs, were that of clusterists, so that the received view, propagated mainly by certain modern biologists and philosophers of biology, should at last be put to rest as a myth. I argue that shes right when it comes to higher taxa, but wrong when it comes the most important category of all, the species category.
Keywords cluster classes  essentialism  history  species  taxonomy  Winsor
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-005-0401-9
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Evolution, Population Thinking, and Essentialism.Elliott Sober - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):350-383.

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