Taking ‘know’ for an answer: A reply to Nagel, San Juan, and Mar

Cognition 129 (3):662-665 (2013)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Nagel, San Juan, and Mar report an experiment investigating lay attributions of knowledge, belief, and justification. They suggest that, in keeping with the expectations of philosophers, but contra recent empirical findings [Starmans, C. & Friedman, O. (2012). The folk conception of knowledge. Cognition, 124, 272–283], laypeople consistently deny knowledge in Gettier cases, regardless of whether the beliefs are based on ‘apparent’ or ‘authentic’ evidence. In this reply, we point out that Nagel et al. employed a questioning method that biased participants to deny knowledge. Moreover, careful examination of participants’ responses reveals that they attributed knowledge in Gettier cases. We also note that Nagel et al. misconstrue the distinction between ‘apparent’ and ‘authentic’ evidence, and use scenarios that do not feature the structure that characterizes most Gettier cases. We conclude that NS&M’s findings are fully compatible with the claim that laypeople attribute knowledge in Gettier cases in general, but are significantly less likely to attribute knowledge when a belief is generated based on apparent evidence.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,264

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Nagel’s Vista or Taking Suhjectivity Seriously.Charles Taliaferro - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):393-401.
Nagelian Reduction Beyond the Nagel Model.Raphael van Riel - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (3):353-375.
Rethinking Nagel: Three Challenges to Physicalism.Shaffarullah Abdul Rahman - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:189-197.
Zhongguo Si Xiang Xue Shuo Shi.Qizhi Zhang (ed.) - 2007 - Guangxi Shi Fan da Xue Chu Ban She.
Physicalism and subjectivity.John Kekes - 1977 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (June):533-6.
What is it like to be an aardvark?B. R. Tilghman - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (July):325-38.
The status of humans in Nagel's phenomenology.Paul G. Muscari - 1987 - Philosophical Forum 19 (1):23-33.
An examination of Cohen and Nagel's reply to mill.C. M. Boegholt - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (19):514-523.
Rejoinder to mr. Kaufmann's reply.Ernest Nagel - 1944 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 5 (1):75-79.

Analytics

Added to PP
2013-12-14

Downloads
80 (#153,785)

6 months
2 (#298,443)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Christina Starmans
Yale University
Ori Friedman
University of Waterloo

References found in this work

Discrimination and perceptual knowledge.Alvin Goldman - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (November):771-791.
Gender and Philosophical Intuition.Wesley Buckwalter & Stephen Stich - 2013 - In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy, Vol.2. Oxford University Press. pp. 307-346.

View all 11 references / Add more references