A Bayesian Approach to Absent Evidence Reasoning

Informal Logic 31 (1):56-65 (2011)
Authors
Christopher Stephens
University of British Columbia
Abstract
Normal 0 0 1 85 487 UBC 4 1 598 11.773 0 0 0 Under what conditions is the failure to have evidence that p evidence that p is false? Absent evidence reasoning is common in many sciences, including astronomy, archeology, biology and medicine. An often-repeated epistemological motto is that “the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.” Analysis of absent evidence reasoning usually takes place in a deductive or frequentist hypothesis-testing framework. Instead, I develop a Bayesian analysis of this motto and prove that, under plausible assumptions about the nature of evidence, the absence of evidence is evidence of absence
Keywords absence of evidence  arguments from ignorance  Bayesianism  evidence, evidence of absence
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 35,023
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-11-03

Total downloads
29 ( #213,259 of 2,275,411 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #71,261 of 2,275,411 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature