In Maria Kronfeldner (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. London, New York: Routledge (forthcoming)

Authors
Johannes Steizinger
McMaster University
Abstract
This chapter explores the ideological dimension of dehumanization in the context of National Socialism, focusing on the connection between concepts of humanity and dehumanizing images. NS regarded itself as a political revolution, realizing a new concept of humanity. Nazi ideologues undergirded the self-understanding of NS by developing racist anthropologies. I examine two major strands of Nazi ideology, focusing on their diverging strategies of dehumanization, and arguing that they were dependent on different anthropological frameworks. Richard Walther Darré held a naturalistic concept of humanity and advanced biologistic forms of dehumanization. Alfred Rosenberg developed a dualistic anthropology that combined metaphysical and natural features. He dehumanized certain groups of people by reducing them to being human in a natural sense only. Moreover, I aim to show that the key motifs of these racist worldviews were prevalent in the scientific and philosophical debates on anthropology in early-twentieth-century Germany. I thus explore the general orientation of both the naturalistic and the anti-naturalistic strand in anthropological thought, unfold the animalizing tendencies of these views, and emphasize their conformity with the key motifs of Nazi ideology. The case of NS should thus exemplify the dehumanizing potential of anthropological theories.
Keywords Dehumanization  Racism  Ideology  Anthropology  National Socialism
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization.Maria Kronfeldner (ed.) - forthcoming - London, New York: Routledge.
Apeing the Human Essence: Simianization as Dehumanization.David Livingstone Smith & Ioana Panaitiu - 2016 - In Wulf Hund, Charles Mills & Sylvia Sebastiani (eds.), Simianization: Apes, Gender, Class, and Race. Lit Verlag. pp. 77-104.
The Cult of Art in Nazi Germany.Eric Michaud - 2004 - Stanford, Californie, États-Unis: Stanford University Press.
Dehumanization, Disability, and Eugenics.Robert A. Wilson - forthcoming - In Maria E. Kronfeldner (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. New York, NY, USA:
Dehumanization.Mari Mikkola - 2011 - In Thom Brooks (ed.), New Waves in Ethics. Palgrave-MacMillan.
The Nazi Cosmetic: Medicine in the Service of Beauty.Sophia Efstathiou - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (3):634-642.
Architecture and Politics in Germany: 1918-1945. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):381-381.
Эрик вольф.Irene Portis-Winner - 2006 - Sign Systems Studies 34 (2):355-355.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-10-05

Total views
141 ( #68,731 of 2,411,842 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
141 ( #3,718 of 2,411,842 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes