Philosophy of Science 64 (4):74 (1997)

Starting with some illustrative examples, I develop a systematic account of a specific type of experimentation--an experimentation which is not, as in the "standard view", driven by specific theories. It is typically practiced in periods in which no theory or--even more fundamentally--no conceptual framework is readily available. I call it exploratory experimentation and I explicate its systematic guidelines. From the historical examples I argue furthermore that exploratory experimentation may have an immense, but hitherto widely neglected, epistemic significance
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DOI 10.1086/392587
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Exploratory Experiments.L. R. Franklin - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):888-899.
What Was Classical Genetics?C. Kenneth Waters - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):783-809.
Experiments in History and Philosophy of Science.Friedrich Steinle - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (4):408-432.

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