World Futures 67 (4-5):343 - 371 (2011)

Despite the frequent use of the term systems by academicians and management practitioners, there is little agreement as to what the term really means. Experts in different fields talk about accounting systems, production systems, electronic data processing systems, market systems, financial systems, reward and motivation systems, and so on, but the student of management is confused by the nebulous and, at times, seemingly contradictory terms. This article uses the term Systems Approach as a convenient handle to pull together a few basic ideas about the systems concept. Systems Approach organizes one's thinking to understand more clearly the complexity of a real world phenomenon. It consists of two main parts: (1) Systems Thinking (ST), and (2) Information Technology (IT). ST provides the knowledge for developing a Theory of Systems, such as General Systems Theory and Cybernetics, while IT supplies the tools for testing and improving this theory. The relationship between the two parts is a complementary one. Advances in theory lead to the development of better technology, while improvement in technology makes theory development easier and more reliable
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/02604027.2011.585911
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,703
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Cybernetics and Management.Stafford Beer - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):258-258.
The Image: Knowledge in Life and Society.Kenneth Ewart Boulding - 1956 - Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Systems Thinking for Knowledge.Steven A. Cavaleri - 2005 - World Futures 61 (5):378 – 396.
The Systems-Theoretical View of Chemical Concepts.Markus Reiher - 2003 - Foundations of Chemistry 5 (2):147-163.
Moral Imagination and Systems Thinking.Patricia H. Werhane - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):33 - 42.
In Search of a Pragmatic Systems Method.Steven A. Cavaleri - 2011 - World Futures 67 (4-5):266 - 281.
Complexly Organised Dynamical Systems.John D. Collier & Clifford A. Hooker - 1999 - Open Systems and Information Dynamics 6 (3):241–302.


Added to PP index

Total views
73 ( #150,922 of 2,462,500 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #119,519 of 2,462,500 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes