Authors
James Steinhoff
University of Western Ontario
Abstract
There exists a real dearth of literature available to Anglophones dealing with philosophical connections between transhumanism and Marxism. This is surprising, given the existence of works on just this relation in the other major European languages and the fact that 47 per cent of people surveyed in the 2007 Interests and Beliefs Survey of the Members of the World Transhumanist Association identified as “left,” though not strictly Marxist (Hughes 2008). Rather than seeking to explain this dearth here, I aim to contribute to its being filled in by identifying three fundamental areas of similarity between transhumanism and Marxism. These are: the importance of material conditions, and particularly technological advancement, for revolution; conceptions of human nature; and conceptions of nature in general. While it is true that both Marxism and (especially) transhumanism are broad fields that encompass diverse positions, even working with somewhat generalized characterizations of the two reveals interesting parallels and dissimilarities fruitful for future work. This comparison also shows that transhumanism and Marxism can learn important lessons from one another that are complementary to their respective projects. I suggest that Marxists can learn from transhumanists two lessons: that some “natural” forces may become reified forces and the extent to which the productive apparatus is now relevant to revolution. Transhumanists, on the other hand, can learn from Marxist theory the essentially social nature of the human being and the ramifications this has for the transformation of the human condition and for the forms of social organization compatible with transhumanist aims. Transhumanists can also benefit from considering the relevance of Marx’s theory of alienation to their goals of technological advancement.
Keywords transhumanism  marxism  posthumanism
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A History of Transhumanist Thought.Nick Bostrom - 2005 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 14 (1):1-25.
Transhumanist Values.Nick Bostrom - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (Supplement):3-14.

View all 11 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Polanyi in the Face of Transhumanism.R. P. Doede - 2008 - Tradition and Discovery 35 (1):33-45.
Contradictions From the Enlightenment Roots of Transhumanism.J. Hughes - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):622-640.
Deconstruction and Excision in Philosophical Posthumanism.David Roden - 2010 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 21 (1):27 - 36.
The Overhuman in the Transhuman.Max More - 2010 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 21 (1):1-4.
Nietzsche, the Overhuman, and Transhumanism.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):29-42.
Teilhard de Chardin and Transhumanism.Eric Steinhart - 2008 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):1-22.
Vile Sovereigns in Bioethical Debate.Melinda Hall - 2013 - Disability Studies Quarterly 33 (4).
Beyond Humanism: Reflections on Trans-and Posthumanism.Stefan Lorenz Sorgner - 2010 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 21 (2):1-19.
The Fate of Marxism and the Future of Civilization.V. S. Stepin - 1993 - Studies in East European Thought 45 (1-2):117 - 133.
Nietzsche, the Overhuman and Posthuman.Michael Hauskeller - 2010 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 21 (1):1.
On Recovering Marx After Marxism.Tom Rockmore - 2000 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (4):95-106.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-01-18

Total views
573 ( #14,322 of 2,498,006 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
40 ( #21,477 of 2,498,006 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes