The attraction of the ideal has no traction on the real: on adversariality and roles in argument

Argumentation and Advocacy:forthcoming (2018)

Authors
Daniel Cohen
Colby College
Katharina Stevens
University of Lethbridge
Abstract
If circumstances were always simple and all arguers were always exclusively concerned with cognitive improvement, arguments would probably always be cooperative. However, we have other goals and there are other arguers, so in practice the default seems to be adversarial argumentation. We naturally inhabit the heuristically helpful but cooperation-inhibiting roles of proponents and opponents. We can, however, opt for more cooperative roles. The resources of virtue argumentation theory are used to explain when proactive cooperation is permissible, advisable, and even mandatory – and also when it is not.
Keywords adversarial  cooperative  argument roles  argumentation  virtue argumentation
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