Hand or Hammer? On formal and natural languages in semantics

Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (5-6):597-626 (2007)

Authors
Martin Stokhof
University of Amsterdam
Abstract
This paper does not deal with the topic of ‘the generosity of artificial languages from an Asian or a comparative perspective’. Rather, it is concerned with a particular case taken from a development in the Western tradition, when in the wake of the rise of formal logic at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century people in philosophy and later in linguistics started to use formal languages in the study of the semantics of natural languages. This undertaking rests on certain philosophical assumptions and instantiates a particular methodology, that we want to examine critically. However, that in itself is still too broad a topic for a single paper, so we will focus on a particular aspect, viz., the distinction between grammatical form and logical form and the crucial role it plays in how the relationship between natural languages and formal languages is understood in this tradition. We will uncover two basic assumptions that underlie the standard view on the distinction between grammatical form and logical form, and discuss how they have contributed to the shaping of a particular methodology and a particular view on the status of semantics as a discipline.
Keywords semantics  logical form  early analytic philosophy
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Reprint years 2008
DOI 10.1007/s10781-007-9023-7
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References found in this work BETA

Pandora’s Hope.Bruno Latour - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
On Denoting.Bertrand Russell - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):873 - 887.
Tractatus logico-philosophicus.Ludwig Wittgenstein - 1922 - Filosoficky Casopis 52:336-341.

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Citations of this work BETA

Intuitions and Competence in Formal Semantics.Martin Stokhof - 2010 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 6 (1).
Natural Language and Logic of Agency.Johan van Benthem - 2014 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 23 (3):367-382.

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