The Logic of Random Selection

Political Theory 37 (3):375-397 (2009)

This essay lays out the common reasoning underlying a diversity of arguments for decision making using lotteries. This reasoning appeals to the sanitizing effects of ignorance. Lotteries ensure that bad reasons are unable to affect a decision. (They also ensure that good reasons have no effect as well, which is why care must be applied in deciding to use them.) All arguments for or against the use of a lottery to make a particular decision will thus appeal to the same property that lotteries possess. This fact is compatible with continued vigorous disagreement about whether particular decisions should be made by lot. Such disagreements, however, will focus on the nature of the circumstances surrounding the decision. People can thus agree that a given set of circumstances calls for the use of a lottery even as they disagree over whether those circumstances hold
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DOI 10.1177/0090591709332329
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The Enfranchisement Lottery.Claudio López-Guerra - 2011 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):211-233.
Non-Reasoned Decision-Making.Peter Stone - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (2):195-214.
Which Conception of Political Equality Do Deliberative Mini-Publics Promote?Dominique Leydet - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (3):147488511666560.
Three Arguments for Lotteries.Peter Stone - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (2):147-163.

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