When Is a Country Multinational? Problems with Statistical and Subjective Approaches

Ratio Juris 24 (3):267-283 (2011)
Authors
Nenad Stojanovic
Université de Genève
Abstract
Many authors have argued that we should make a clear conceptual distinction between mononational and multinational states. Yet the number of empirical examples they refer to is rather limited. France or Germany are usually seen as mononational, whereas Belgium, Canada, Spain and the UK are considered multinational. How should we classify other cases? Here we can distinguish between (at least) two approaches in the literature: statistical (i.e., whether significant national minorities live within a larger state and, especially, whether they claim self-government) and subjective (i.e., when citizens feel allegiance to sub-state national identities). Neither of them, however, helps us to resolve the problem. Is Italy multinational (because it contains a German-speaking minority)? Is Germany really mononational (in spite of the official recognition of the Danes and the Sorbs in some Länder)? On the other hand, is Switzerland the “most multinational country” (Kymlicka)? Let us assume that there is no definite answer to this dilemma and that it is all a matter of degree. There are probably few (if any) clearly mononational states and few (if any) clearly multinational states. Should we abandon this distinction in favour of other concepts like “plurinationalism” (Keating), “nations-within-nations” (Miller), “postnational state” (Abizadeh, Habermas), or “post-sovereign state” (MacCormick)? The article discusses these issues and, in conclusion, addresses the problem of stability and shared identity “plural” societies
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-9337.2011.00484.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 34,386
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Multicultural Citizenship.Will Kymlicka - 1995 - oxford university press.
On Nationality.David Miller - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):512-516.
Does Liberal Democracy Presuppose a Cultural Nation? Four Arguments.Arash Abizadeh - 2002 - American Political Science Review 96 (3):495-509.

View all 9 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Liberal Nationalism, Immigration, and the Problem of Multiple National Identities.Lior Erez - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-23.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

On Theories of Secession: Minorities, Majorities and the Multinational State.Josep Costa - 2003 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 6 (2):63-90.
Globalization and the Failure of Ethics.Manuel Velasquez - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):343-352.
Nations Beyond Nationalism.Helder de Schutter - 2007 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 50 (4):378 – 394.
The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.Claes Hägg - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):71 - 76.
Multinational Corporations and the Social Contract.Eric Palmer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):245 - 258.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-08-09

Total downloads
10 ( #504,671 of 2,266,888 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #372,916 of 2,266,888 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature