Contexts of Utterance and Evaluation in Peter of Mantua’s Obligationes

Vivarium 49 (1-3):275-299 (2011)

Authors
Riccardo Strobino
Tufts University
Abstract
In this paper I will examine the relation between the theory of obligations and its use in sophismatic contexts through the lens of certain pragmatic concerns. In order to do this, I will take a sophism discussed by Peter of Mantua in his treatise on obligations as a case-study. I will first provide a brief outline of the structure of the treatise and then examine a concrete case that shows how the relationship between background assumptions (casus and context of utterance) and criteria of response seems to suggest a way to qualify the application of general rules (especially for irrelevant sentences) in certain limit-cases. By discussing Peter's presentation of the sophism, I will also argue for a connection between Peter of Mantua's text and Mesino de Codronchi's Questiones on the De Interpretatione
Keywords Obligationes  Context of utterance  Context of evaluation  Peter of Mantua  Mesino de Codronchi  Medieval logic  Paradoxes
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DOI 10.1163/156853411X590534
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