The structural anthropology of Claude Lévi?Strauss is reductionist in at least two senses. This at once brings out structural anthropology's ambivalent relationship to positivist conceptions of science, and to the complex nature of reduction. Reduction can be interpreted in at least three broad ways, and need not be construed as pejorative or as particular to positivist philosophy of science. Non?positivist methods of reduction are at work when Lévi?Strauss attempts to substitute structural explanations of culture for non?structural explanations. Positivist methods of reduction take over when Lévi?Strauss seeks to deduce ?deep? structures from surface structures. Taken together, this two?step process of reduction generates models of human nature which seem to overcome the dichotomy between nature and culture
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DOI 10.1080/00201747608601787
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References found in this work BETA

Approaches to Reduction.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):137-147.
Science Without Reduction.Helmut F. Spinner - 1973 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 16 (1-4):16 – 94.
Two Faces of Science.Ernan Mcmullin - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):655 - 676.
Modern Theories of Development.Ludwig von Bertalanffy - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44 (2):207-208.
Interpretations of Life and Mind.Marjorie Glicksman Grene & I. Prigogine (eds.) - 1971 - New York: Humanities Press.

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