Abstract
This article offers an interpretation of Georg Simmel’s philosophy of culture as a theory that can be applied to a critical view of the cultural and political economy situation of our time. This interpretation allows us to somewhat re-actualize the legacy of the German philosopher in the context of contemporary critical thought. The interpretation was created on the basis of the analysis of two Simmel’s key concepts, namely: “tragedy of culture” and “conflict of culture”, as well as their relationship. In addition, the basis for such reading was Simmel’s understanding of the subject, which denies the absolute sovereignty and asserts his appearance only under the influence of cultural objects. This is complemented by the interpretation of the “tragedy of culture” as a theory that debunks the “sovereign subject” as discussed by Dina and Michael Weinstein in Postmodern Simmel. Interpretation of Simmel’s theory of culture as critical towards its object includes an analysis of various phenomena inherent in modern culture from the standpoint of this theory. First, such a phenomenon is the capitalist system, which, due to its self-regulation, is an absolutely alienated object and a stimulator of the quantitative distribution of cultural objects. Secondly, the imperious relationship of cultural objects and the level of influence of some objects on the development and distribution of others allows us to look at how certain cultural phenomena transform culture as a whole. The third point is the relativization of reality and values and the role of the phenomenon of money in this process. Finally, it is the transformation of the role of subjects in the process of creating cultural objects. This transformation arises as the effect of placing the “tragedy” and “conflict” of culture in the same plane of contemporaneity, as a result of which the impulse to reproduce an objective culture can no longer be provided by a subjective impulse; but there is no decline in the rate of growth of an objective culture, and therefore, the key objects of culture are taken the function of this impulse.Manuscript received 10.08.2020.
Keywords відчуження  капіталізм  критична теорія  суб’єкт  філософія культури  Ґеорґ Зіммель
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DOI 10.18523/2617-1678.2020.6.39-46
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References found in this work BETA

Der Begriff Und Die Tragodie der Kultur.Georg Simmel - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21:130.
Право у філософії і. канта.Тетяна Сергіївна Павлова - 2007 - Науково-Теоретичний І Громадсько-Політичний Альманах „Грані” 1:29--32.
Деконструкція культури у філософемах дерріди.Валерій Леонідович Філіппов - 2014 - Гуманітарний Вісник Запорізької Державної Інженерної Академії 57:220-229.

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