Perspectives on Science 27 (2):153-170 (2019)

Abstract
Metaphor is an essential part of scientific reasoning.1 The scientists that rely on metaphor, however, are not necessarily aware of its implicit influence, making it easy for the correspondences implied by a metaphor to be taken for granted, affecting scientific practice. In "Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science," historian Nancy Leys Stepan's discussion of nineteenth century research on human difference highlights this particular worry, demonstrating a need for scientific communities to critically examine the use of metaphor in their practice. It is easy for metaphors "to become dogmatic and to be seen as literally true" because scientific discourse is closely associated with "objectivity and...
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DOI 10.1162/posc_a_00303
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Samuel Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Models and Analogies in Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1963 - University of Notre Dame Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.David Bohm - 1964 - Philosophical Quarterly 14 (57):377-379.

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Citations of this work BETA

Whewell’s Hylomorphism as a Metaphorical Explanation for How Mind and World Merge.Ragnar Van Der Merwe - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:DOI: 10.1007/s10838-021-09595-x.

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