Reconsidering the wisdom of the body: An epistemological critique of Claude Bernard's concept of the internal environment
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (5):493-514 (1990)
Claude Bernard's concept of the internal environment ( milieu intérieur ) played a crucial role in the development of experimental physiology and the specific medical therapeutics derived from it. This concept allowed the experimentalist to approach the organism as fully determined yet relatively autonomous with respect to its external environment. However, Bernard's theory of knowledge required that he find organismic functioning as the result of an external necessity. He is therefore unable to explain adequately the origin or operation of organismic autonomy. A more complete conception of biological autonomy must include a theory of knowledge that can accommodate the organism as a source of discrimination and determination. Only in this way will it be possible to see organisms as active as well as reactive, as ordering as well as ordered. This shift in perspective is crucial if medicine is to be able to characterize, for example, susceptibility to disease. A cognitive sense of the organic interior is proposed as an alternative to Bernard's internal environment. Keywords: biological autonomy, Claude Bernard, epistemology, internal environment ( milieu intérieur ) CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
On the Organism-Environment Distinction in Psychology.Daniel K. Palmer - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):317 - 347.
Two Notions of the Internal and Goldman's Epistemic Externalism.Renata Ziemińska - 2006 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):395-400.
The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: I. Description of the Theory.Timo Jarvilehto - manuscript
Animal Experimentation: The Legacy of Claude Bernard.Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):195 – 210.
Can Cognition Be Factorized Into Internal and External Components?Timothy Williamson - 2006 - In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell.
Added to index2010-08-19
Total downloads10 ( #417,472 of 2,146,891 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #385,700 of 2,146,891 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.