The Semantic View, Empirical Adequacy, and Application (Concepción semántica, adecuación empírica y aplicación)

Critica 37 (109):29 - 63 (2005)
It is widely accepted in contemporary philosophy of science that the domain of application of a theory is typically larger than its explanatory covering power: theories can be applied to phenomena that they do not explain. I argue for an analogous thesis regarding the notion of empirical adequacy. A theory's domain of application is typically larger than its domain of empirical adequacy: theories are often applied to phenomena from which they receive no empirical confirmation. \\\ Existe en la filosofía de la ciencia actual un amplio consenso al afirmar que el dominio de aplicación de una teoría científica es en general mucho más extenso que su dominio explicativo: las teorías científicas pueden ser aplicadas a fenómenos que no son capaces de explicar. En este artículo defiendo una tesis análoga con respecto a la noción de adecuación empírica. El dominio de aplicación de las teorías científicas es en general mucho mas amplio que su dominio de adecuacion empírica: las teorías a menudo se aplican a fenómenos que no proporcionan confirmatión empírica a su favor.
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Mauricio Suárez & Nancy Cartwright (2007). Theories: Tools Versus Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (1):62-81.
Mauricio Suárez & Nancy Cartwright (2008). Theories: Tools Versus Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):62-81.

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