Metaphysica 15 (2):381-390 (2014)

Catherine Sutton
Virginia Commonwealth University
To hold that only one conscious thing is sitting in your chair, philosophers have appealed to maximality: If a property M is maximal, then anything that has property M does not have large proper parts that have property M. Philosophers have said that ordinary objects are maximal, including houses, cats, rocks, and have argued by analogy that consciousness is maximal. I argue that the maximality principle mistakenly excludes some members of a kind. Thus, it is not the correct principle to explain why, for example, you are conscious but the proper part that is all-of-you-but-your-arm is not conscious.
Keywords maximality  consciousness  composition  proper part  maximal
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DOI 10.1515/mp-2014-0023
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Ordinary Objects.Daniel Z. Korman - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Maximality, Function, and the Many.Robert Francescotti - 2019 - Metaphysica 20 (2):175-193.
Persons, Simplicity, and Substance.Eric Yang - 2018 - Philosophical Papers 47 (2):299-311.

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