The objective of this study is to test the embeddedness of codes of ethics (ECE) in organizations on aggregated data from three countries, namely Australia, Canada and the United States. The properties of four constructs of ECE are described and tested, including surveillance/training, internal communication, external communication and guidance. The data analysis shows that the model has satisfactory fit, validity and reliability. Furthermore, the results are fairly consistent when tested on each of the three samples (i.e. cross-national validation). This cross-national study makes a contribution beyond previous descriptive or exploratory studies by using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Nevertheless, a number of limitations are raised, all of which provide opportunities for further research in refining, extending and testing the proposed ECE model in other cultural and corporate settings
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DOI 10.1111/j.1467-8608.2011.01623.x
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References found in this work BETA

The Challenge of Ethical Behavior in Organizations.Ronald R. Sims - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):505 - 513.
A Code of Ethics for Corporate Code of Ethics.Mark S. Schwartz - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):27 - 43.
The Institutionalization of Organizational Ethics.Ronald R. Sims - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7):493 - 506.
Implementing Business Ethics.Patrick E. Murphy - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (12):907-915.

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