Wisdom as an Expert Skill

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):511-528 (2013)

Authors
Jason Swartwood
Saint Paul College
Abstract
Practical wisdom is the intellectual virtue that enables a person to make reliably good decisions about how, all-things-considered, to live. As such, it is a lofty and important ideal to strive for. It is precisely this loftiness and importance that gives rise to important questions about wisdom: Can real people develop it? If so, how? What is the nature of wisdom as it manifests itself in real people? I argue that we can make headway answering these questions by modeling wisdom on expert skill. Presenting the main argument for this expert skill model of wisdom is the focus of this paper. More specifically, I’ll argue that wisdom is primarily the same kind of epistemic achievement as expert decision-making skill in areas such as firefighting. Acknowledging this helps us see that, and how, real people can develop wisdom. It also helps to resolve philosophical debates about the nature of wisdom. For example, philosophers, including those who think virtue should be modeled on skills, disagree about the extent to which wise people make decisions using intuitions or principled deliberation and reflection. The expert skill model resolves this debate by showing that wisdom includes substantial intuitive and deliberative and reflective abilities.
Keywords practical wisdom  virtue  expert skill  empirically-informed ethics  moral intuition  moral development
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DOI 10.1007/s10677-012-9367-2
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References found in this work BETA

Ethics and Intuitions.Peter Singer - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):331-352.

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Citations of this work BETA

Skill, Practical Wisdom, and Ethical Naturalism.John Hacker-Wright - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):983-993.
Virtue Through Challenge: Moral Development and Self‐Transformation.Alistair Miller - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 51 (4):785-800.
Political Philosophy and the Nature of Expertise.Robert Lamb - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-21.
Scrooge and Significant Moral Change.Angela Knobel - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (2):147-164.

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