Closeness and distance in the nurse-patient relation. The relevance of Edith Stein's concept of empathy

Nursing Philosophy 7 (1):3-10 (2006)
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This paper emanates from the concept of empathy as understood by the German philosopher Edith Stein. It begins by highlighting different interpretations of empathy. According to the German philosopher Martin Buber, empathy cannot be achieved as an act of will. In contrast, the psychologist Carl Rogers believes that empathy is identical with dialogue and is the outcome of a cognitive act of active listening. The empathy concept of Edith Stein, philosopher and follower of Edmund Husserl's phenomenology, goes beyond these conflicting views and offers a more complex interpretation, with relevance for both healthcare and nursing education. When studying Stein's three‐level model of empathy, a field of tension between perspectives of closeness and distance becomes apparent. The paper concludes by suggesting Stein's model of empathy as a strategy to overcome the tension and meet the demands of empathy.



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References found in this work

Philosophical investigations.Ludwig Wittgenstein & G. E. M. Anscombe - 1953 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 161:124-124.
On the problem of empathy.Edith Stein - 1989 - Washington, D.C.: ICS Publications.
On the Problem of Empathy.Edith Stein - 1964 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 28 (4):547-547.
Between man and man.Jörg Alvermann & Michael Streck - 1947 - London : New York: Routledge. Edited by Ronald Gregor Smith.
Between Man and Man.Martin Buber & Ronald Gregor Smith - 1948 - Philosophy 23 (85):177-178.

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