Certain Verbs Are Syntactically Explicit Quantifiers


Authors
Anna Szabolcsi
New York University
Abstract
Quantification over individuals, times, and worlds can in principle be made explicit in the syntax of the object language, or left to the semantics and spelled out in the meta-language. The traditional view is that quantification over individuals is syntactically explicit, whereas quantification over times and worlds is not. But a growing body of literature proposes a uniform treatment. This paper examines the scopal interaction of aspectual raising verbs (begin), modals (can), and intensional raising verbs (threaten) with quantificational subjects in Shupamem, Dutch, and English. It appears that aspectual raising verbs and at least modals may undergo the same kind of overt or covert scope-changing operations as nominal quantifiers; the case of intensional raising verbs is less clear. Scope interaction is thus shown to be a new potential diagnostic of object-linguistic quantification, and the similarity in the scope behavior of nominal and verbal quantifiers supports the grammatical plausibility of ontological symmetry, explored in Schlenker (2006).
Keywords possible world  variable  intension  modals  quantification
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Reprint years 2010, 2011
DOI 10.4148/biyclc.v6i0.1565
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References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and Belief.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Syntax and Semantics of Questions.Lauri Karttunen - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):3--44.

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Necessitarian Propositions.Jonathan Schaffer - 2012 - Synthese 189 (1):119-162.
Semantic with Assignment Variables.Alex Silk - forthcoming - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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