Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):165-175 (1995)
We investigated the impact of attention during encoding on later retrieval. During study, participants read some words aloud and named the print color of other words aloud . Then one of two memory tests was administered. The explicit test—recognition—required conscious recollection of whether a word was studied. Previously read words were recognized more accurately than were previously color named words. This contrasted sharply with performance on the implicit test—repetition priming in lexical decision. Here, words that were color named during study showed priming equivalent to words that were read during study; both were responded to faster than unstudied words. Thus, an attentional manipulation during study had a strong effect on an explicit test of memory, but almost no effect on an implicit test. Focal attention during study is crucial for remembering consciously but not necessarily for remembering without awareness
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
The Interaction of the Explicit and the Implicit in Skill Learning: A Dual-Process Approach.Ron Sun - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):159-192.
Task Unrelated Thought Whilst Encoding Information.J. M. Smallwood, S. F. Baracaia, M. Lowe & M. Obonsawin - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):452-484.
Selective Attention Affects Conceptual Object Priming and Recognition: A Study with Young and Older Adults.Soledad Ballesteros & Julia Mayas - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
Unconscious Representations 2: Towards an Integrated Cognitive Architecture. [REVIEW]Luis M. Augusto - 2014 - Axiomathes 24 (1):19-43.
Encoding During the Attentional Lapse: Accuracy of Encoding During the Semantic Sustained Attention to Response Task.J. Smallwood, L. Riby, D. Heim & J. Davies - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):218-231.
Similar books and articles
The Functional Role of Representations Cannot Explain Basic Implicit Memory Phenomena.Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):768-769.
Predictive Validity of the Implicit Association Test in Studies of Brands, Consumer Attitudes, and Behavior.D. Maison, Anthony G. Greenwald & R. H. Bruin - 2004 - Journal of Consumer Psychology 14:405-415.
Implicit Versus Explicit: An ACT-R Learning Perspective.Niels A. Taatgen - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):785-786.
Applying a Theory of Implicit and Explicit Knowledge to Memory Research.Neil W. Mulligan - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):775-776.
Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition?Brian C. Tietje - unknown
The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory.Carolyn Rovee-Collier, Harlene Hayne & Michael Colombo (eds.) - 2001 - Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Implicit and Explicit Representations of Visual Space.Bruce Bridgeman - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):759-760.
The Symposium on the Synergy Between Implicit and Explicit Learning Processes.Robert Mathews & Ron Sun - unknown
Comparing Direct (Explicit) to Indirect (Implicit) Measures to Study Unconscious Memory.Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1991 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition 17 (2):224-233.
Implicit Memory Tasks: Retention Without Conscious Recollection.Iii Roediger, Henry L. & Nader Amir - 2005 - In Amy Wenzel & David C. Rubin (eds.), Cognitive Methods and Their Application to Clinical Research. American Psychological Association. pp. 121-127.
Apparent Amnesia on Experimental Memory Tests in Dissociative Identity Disorder: An Exploratory Study.M. L. Peters, S. A. Uyterlinde, J. Consemulder & O. van der Hart - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):27-41.
Consciousness of the Self (COS) and Explicit Knowledge.Guy Pinku & Joseph Tzelgov - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):655-661.
Added to index2011-11-02
Total downloads13 ( #346,357 of 2,151,600 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #397,093 of 2,151,600 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.