W ang Fuzhi’s Criticism of Buddhism and Its Limitations


Authors
M. Tan
University of Chicago
Abstract
Wang Fuzhi’s 王夫之 remarks on Buddhism have not been given sufficient attention despite increasing research on him. The few works on this topic either focus on just one aspect of his view of Buddhism or fail to disclose the purpose and uniqueness of his attack of it. This essay analyzes his view of Buddhism comprehensively, in particular his insight into the paradox of Buddhist universal love and his rejection of Buddhist retribution and reincarnation from Confucian righteousness and qi 氣-monism. In addition, it also explores the reason, context, and limitations of his criticism, that is, his reaction to the popular approach of “understanding Confucian classics through learning Buddhism” in the late Ming 明, his response to Zongmi’s 宗密 criticism of Confucian cosmology and human nature, and his misunderstanding of some Buddhist concepts. Yet his criticism is still illuminating to our understanding of the interaction of Confucianism with Buddhism and other religions.
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DOI 10.1007/s11712-018-9616-8
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Confucianism and Buddhism in the Late Ming.Araki Kengo - 1975 - In William Theodore De Bary (ed.), The Unfolding of Neo-Confucianism. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 39--66.

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