W ang Fuzhi’s Criticism of Buddhism and Its Limitations

M. Tan
University of Chicago
Wang Fuzhi’s 王夫之 remarks on Buddhism have not been given sufficient attention despite increasing research on him. The few works on this topic either focus on just one aspect of his view of Buddhism or fail to disclose the purpose and uniqueness of his attack of it. This essay analyzes his view of Buddhism comprehensively, in particular his insight into the paradox of Buddhist universal love and his rejection of Buddhist retribution and reincarnation from Confucian righteousness and qi 氣-monism. In addition, it also explores the reason, context, and limitations of his criticism, that is, his reaction to the popular approach of “understanding Confucian classics through learning Buddhism” in the late Ming 明, his response to Zongmi’s 宗密 criticism of Confucian cosmology and human nature, and his misunderstanding of some Buddhist concepts. Yet his criticism is still illuminating to our understanding of the interaction of Confucianism with Buddhism and other religions.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11712-018-9616-8
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,327
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Confucianism and Buddhism in the Late Ming.Araki Kengo - 1975 - In William Theodore De Bary (ed.), The Unfolding of Neo-Confucianism. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 39--66.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Confucianism, Buddhism, and Virtue Ethics.Bradford Cokelet - 2016 - European Journal for the Philosophy of Religion 8 (1):187-214.
Slavoj Žižek's Critique of Western Buddhism.Eske Møllgaard - 2008 - Contemporary Buddhism 9 (2):167-180.
The Dialectical Concept of "Subject-object" of Wang Fu-chih.Huiyan Pan - 2003 - Philosophy and Culture 30 (1):145-166.
Buddha-Nature and Human Nature.Lai Yonghai - 1991 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 23 (1):3-33.
Nascent Speculative Non-Buddhism.Glenn Wallis - 2013 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (35):222-247.


Added to PP index

Total views
12 ( #655,527 of 2,271,478 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #417,328 of 2,271,478 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature