Interaction Studies 13 (3):315-347 (2012)

Abstract
This paper presents a series of 4 single subject experiments aimed to investigate whether children with autism show more social engagement when interacting with the Nao robot, compared to a human partner in a motor imitation task. The Nao robot imitates gross arm movements of the child in real-time. Different behavioral criteria (i.e. eye gaze, gaze shifting, free initiations and prompted initiations of arm movements, and smile/laughter) were analyzed based on the video data of the interaction. The results are mixed and suggest a high variability in reactions to the Nao robot. The results are as follows: For Child2 and Child3, the results indicate no effect of the Nao robot in any of the target variables. Child1 and Child4 showed more eye gaze and smile/laughter in the interaction with the Nao robot compared to the human partner and Child1 showed a higher frequency of motor initiations in the interaction with the Nao robot compared to the baselines, but not with respect to the human-interaction. The robot proved to be a better facilitator of shared attention only for Child1. Keywords: human-robot interaction; assistive robotics; autism
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DOI 10.1075/is.13.3.01tap
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References found in this work BETA

Does Appearance Matter in the Interaction of Children with Autism with a Humanoid Robot?Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn & Janek Dubowski - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (3):479-512.
Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):348-372.

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Citations of this work BETA

Enhancing Play Skills, Engagement and Social Skills in a Play Task in ASD Children by Using Robot-Based Interventions. A Pilot Study.Cristina A. Pop, Sebastian Pintea, Bram Vanderborght & Daniel O. David - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (2):292-320.
On Studying Human Teaching Behavior with Robots: A Review.Anna-Lisa Vollmer & Lars Schillingmann - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (4):863-903.

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