Classical Quarterly 40 (01):187- (1990)

In March 59 Caesar and Pompey presided over the adoption of P. Clodius Pulcher into a plebeian family, thereby rendering the former patrician eligible for the tribunate. The immediate purpose of the dynasts' action was to silence the contumacious criticism of Cicero, whose Pro Antonio had gravely offended Caesar. And the gesture was effective: for a time at least, Cicero withdrew to his country estates. For Cicero – like everyone else in Rome – anticipated that, once tribune, Clodius would move to exact revenge for the dishonour done him during and after the Bona Dea trial. For the remainder of the year Cicero made preparations to fend off his enemy, and principal among his resources was the personal guarantee of his friend Pompey the Great. Pompey, who regarded Clodius as his creature, took it to be a point of honour that he should shield Cicero from harm's way. But the Vettius affair changed everything. Regardless of who masterminded the scandal and despite all protestations to the contrary, the Vettius affair left Pompey estranged from Cicero, a reality that Cicero could not fail to recognize. After the Vettius affair Cicero could not prudently rely solely on the dynasts' promises – if ever he did. Yet the means by which Cicero endeavoured to secure his own safety – independent of his relationship with Pompey or Caesar – have not been adequately appreciated by modern scholars. They incline, quite naturally in view of the events of 58 which followed Cicero's exile, to see the contest over Cicero's fate primarily as a struggle between the dynasts, especially Pompey, and Clodius. Such an attitude, however, tends to cause one to overlook an often cited but infrequently discussed stratagem of Cicero: according to Cassius Dio, Cicero induced L. Ninnius Quadratus, a tribune of 58, to stand up against the legislation which Clodius promulgated upon his entering the tribunate. This arrangement indicates that Cicero was trying with considerable energy to look after his own interests. It is the purpose of this paper to attempt to explain the means by which Cicero hoped to thwart Clodius as well as the machinations by which the erstwhile patrician outwitted his opponent
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0009838800026872
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 53,666
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Leges Clodiae and Obnuntiatio.T. N. Mitchell - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (01):172-.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Cicero and the 'Lex Campana'.T. A. Dorey - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (01):13-.
Cicero and the Lex Gabinia.J. A. Davison - 1930 - The Classical Review 44 (06):224-225.
The Lex Sempronia and the Banishment of Cicero.A. H. Greenidge - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (08):347-348.
The Lex Thoria And Cicero, Brutus 136.J. S. M. Willcock - 1982 - Classical Quarterly 32 (02):474-.
Lex Orandi Ast Lex Credendi.Richard N. Boyd - 1985 - In P. M. Churchland & C. A. Hooker (eds.), Images of Science: Essays on Realism and Empiricism. University of Chicago Press.
Trial by Slogan: Natural Law and Lex Iniusta Non Est Lex.S. J. - 2000 - Law and Philosophy 19 (4):433-449.


Added to PP index

Total views
16 ( #595,632 of 2,349,174 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #511,414 of 2,349,174 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes