Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (4):441-462 (2018)

Authors
Robert S. Taylor
University of California, Davis
Abstract
Contemporary republicans have adopted a less-than-charitable attitude toward private beneficence, especially when it is directed to the poor, worrying that rich patrons may be in a position to exercise arbitrary power over their impoverished clients. These concerns have led them to support impartial public provision by way of state welfare programs, including an unconditional basic income (UBI). In contrast to this administrative model of public welfare, I will propose a competitive model in which the state regulates and subsidizes a decentralized and nonstatist provision of support for the poor. This model will fix the historically objectionable features of private provision by having the state prevent collusion among private charities, deliver information to recipients about alternative sources of assistance, and give substantial grants to charities as well as tax incentives and vouchers to donors. I will contend that such an approach would do a better job of minimizing domination of the poor than traditional welfare states and may prove more politically feasible than a UBI, at least in the near term in certain national contexts.
Keywords republicanism  markets  charity  welfare  unconditional basic income  Philip Pettit
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Reprint years 2018
DOI 10.1111/jopp.12154
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Justice as Fairness: A Restatement.John Rawls (ed.) - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
Justice as Fairness: A Restatement.C. L. Ten - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):563-566.
Ideal and Nonideal Theory.A. John Simmons - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (1):5-36.

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Democratic philanthropy.Michael K. MacKenzie - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-23.

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