Environmental Ethics 5 (3):237-243 (1983)

Abstract
Gene Spitler has raised certain objections to my views on the biocentric outlook: (1) that a factual error is involved in the assertion that organisms pursue their own good, (2) that there is an inconsistency in the biocentric outlook, (3) that it is impossible for anyone to adopt that outlook, and (4) that the outlook entails unacceptable moral judgments, for example, that killing insects and wildfiowers is as morally reprehensible as killing humans. I reply to each of these points, showing that the biocentric outlook on nature is not only a possible, but also a reasonable world view
Keywords Applied Philosophy  General Interest
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ISBN(s) 0163-4275
DOI 10.5840/enviroethics19835322
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Respect for Everything.David Schmidtz - 2011 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):127 - 138.
Anthropocentrism: More Than Just a Misunderstood Problem.Helen Kopnina, Haydn Washington, Bron Taylor & John J. Piccolo - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (1):109-127.
The Moral Status of Non-Human Beings and Their Ecosystems.Michel Dion - 2000 - Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (2):221 – 229.
The Moral Status of Non‐Human Beings and Their Ecosystems.Michel Dion - 2000 - Philosophy and Geography 3 (2):221-229.
Ethics of the Landscape.Albert Cortina - 2011 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):163-178.

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