Cognitive Penetration: Inference or Fabrication?

Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (3):547-563 (2021)
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ABSTRACT Cognitive penetrability refers to the possibility that perceptual experiences are influenced by our beliefs, expectations, emotions, or other personal-level mental states. In this paper, I focus on the epistemological implication of cognitive penetration, and examine how, exactly, aetiologies matter to the justificatory power of perceptual experiences. I examine a prominent theory, according to which some cognitively penetrated perceptual experiences are like conclusions of bad inferences. Whereas one version of this theory is psychologically implausible, the other version has sceptical consequences. In the second half of the paper, I suggest an alternative theory, drawing on recent empirical research on imagining-perception interaction and the epistemology of imagining.


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Lu Teng
New York University, Shanghai

Citations of this work

Imaginative Beliefs.Joshua Myers - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
A Metacognitive Account of Phenomenal Force.Lu Teng - 2023 - Mind and Language 38 (4):1081-1101.
The Epistemic Insignificance of Phenomenal Force.Lu Teng - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
Crossmodal Basing.Zoe Jenkin - 2022 - Mind 131 (524):1163-1194.
The Justificatory Power of Memory Experience.Lu Teng - 2024 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 5.

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The Epistemic Role of Consciousness.Declan Smithies - 2019 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
The Language of Thought.J. A. Fodor - 1978 - Critica 10 (28):140-143.
The Rationality of Perception.Susanna Siegel - 2017 - Oxford University Press.

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