Authors
Paul Thagard
University of Waterloo
Abstract
By contrasting Hippocratic and nineteenth century theories of disease, this paper describes important conceptual changes that have taken place in the history of medicine. Disease concepts are presented as causal networks that represent the relations among the symptoms, causes, and treatment of a disease. The transition to the germ theory of disease produced dramatic conceptual changes as the result of a radically new view of disease causation. An analogy between disease and fermentation was important for two of the main developers of the germ theory of disease, Pasteur and Lister. Attention to the development of germ concepts shows the need for a referential account of conceptual change to complement a representational account.
Keywords CHANGE  DISEASE  MEDICINE  SCIENCE  STRUCTURE
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Citations of this work BETA

Ulcers and Bacteria I: Discovery and Acceptance.Paul Thagard - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (1):107-136.
Ulcers and Bacteria I: Discovery and Acceptance.Paul Thagard - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (1):107-136.
The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
Acupuncture, Incommensurability, and Conceptual Change.Paul Thagard & R. Zhu - 2003 - In Gale M. Sinatra & Paul R. Pintrich (eds.), Intentional Conceptual Change. L. Erlbaum. pp. 79--102.

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