Ethics and Psychology: The Concept of the Immortality of the Soul

In Efe Dyran & Ayşe Güngör (eds.), Interactions in the History of Philosophy. MSGSÜ. pp. 75-81 (2013)

Athanasia Theodoropoulou
Hellenic Open University
The aim of this paper is to explore the consequences of accepting the immortality of the soul with regard to moral behavior. Philosophers from different periods and fields offer a variety of arguments which prove the immortal nature of the soul based on ethical theories, such as happiness is the end of mankind, man’s incapability of fulfilling his final purpose, the posthumous award of divine justice and so on. Through a critical appraisal of different but representative philosophical approaches to immortality presented by Plato, Kant and Petros Brailas-Armenis, this paper aims to show that there is a strong interaction between ethics and psychology; the idea of eternal life has a deep moral meaning as an incentive for being virtuous. Therefore, both knowledge about and belief in the immortality of the soul can serve as a springboard for an ethical life.
Keywords Plato  Kant  Petros Brailas-Armenis  Immortality of the Soul
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